Periodontics – Gum Disease

At Dr. Arteaga Family & Cosmetic Dentistry, we pride ourselves on preventative oral health. Gum disease is an inflammation and infection of the gums and tissue. This is generally caused by bacterial plaque and is a major cause of adult tooth loss. If gum disease is left untreated, bacterial plaque will harden and turn into tartar.

Tartar is a rough, porous mineral buildup that is typically yellow or brown. Tartar will begin to form underneath the gum line, and due to its porous nature, it absorbs unwanted stains. Tartar excretes the toxins which are the culprit of gum inflammation, resulting in the development of periodontal pockets that hold even more toxins and bacteria. This condition is serious, in fact – it can lead to loosening of the teeth, or even tooth loss. As this condition worsens, the accumulated toxins and bacteria move deeper into the jaw and destroy the bone that holds it in place.

Signs of gum disease include:

• Red, inflamed gums
• Bleeding while brushing or flossing
• Receding gums
• Loose or separating teeth
• Presence pus between the gum and tooth
• Chronic halitosis

Remember that gum disease is reversible if caught while in the early stages. Dr. Arteaga will scale the tooth to remove plaque and calculus, and plane the tooth roots to smoothing them. We may also prescribe antibiotics to clear up any infection or inflammation. Advanced cases may require surgery to trim the gums to remove the hardened plaque build-up, and re-contour the damaged bone.